There are too few refueling stations for LNG vehicles in Poland. This inhibits the development of this fuel market

The share of LNG in sea and road transport will grow. - This is the fuel of the future: ecological, more economical, quieter and at the same time widely available - says Marcin Płocharski from the Polish LNG Platform. Liquefied natural gas will work in road transport provided that appropriate infrastructure is developed. There are only four charging points in Poland, and just over half a thousand LNG powered vehicles. A similar barrier is encountered when using LNG as a fuel in maritime transport.

- LNG's share in sea and road transport will grow. First of all, it is a more ecological and economical fuel, but also widely available. It can largely replace diesel, because in Europe we have several dozen LNG terminals, from where we can import fuel and supply it for heavy vehicles. In the case of other alternative sources of power supply, this infrastructure is not available - argues in an interview with Newseria Biznes Marcin Płocharski from the Polish LNG Platform.

Liquefied natural gas is called the fuel of the future. First of all, due to ecological values ​​- gas vehicles emit by 99%. fewer particulates (PM) and 90% less nitrogen dioxide (NO2). In addition, low natural gas prices on European stock exchanges and a zero excise tax rate mean that LNG-powered vehicles can be an attractive alternative to diesel. In Poland, the share of liquefied gas in transport is still relatively small, but it is gradually increasing.

- Three issues affect the transport and road market: first and foremost, gas price, vehicle availability and infrastructure availability. In terms of price, we already have the first players on the market who offer very competitive prices in relation to diesel - says Marcin Płocharski.

The DUON study shows that 520 LNG-powered trucks are currently registered in Poland. There may already be a thousand in 2020. The development of this segment is possible, among others due to the increasing availability of LNG through the terminal in Świnoujście. According to the Institute of Energy Studies in an analysis at cire.pl, in 2019 PGNiG received 31 transports at the terminal in Świnoujście with a total volume of about 2.5 million tons of liquefied natural gas. DUON forecasts that in 2020 the consumption of LNG for propulsion in Poland may approach the level of 25,000. tone. The problem, however, is the small number of refueling stations.

- For now, we have four charging stations in Poland. It is a drop in the sea compared to a standard diesel - says the expert of the Polish LNG Platform.

According to the National Framework for the Development of Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Policy, by 2025, 14 stations will be built along the TEN-T (Trans-European Transport Network) network.

- Next year few or even several additional LNG refueling stations will be created in Poland. This will have a decisive impact on the purchasing decisions of transport companies - indicates Marcin Płocharski.

LNG is also gaining importance in maritime transport, largely due to the so-called the sulfur directive, according to which the European Commission wants to completely eliminate emissions from maritime transport by 2050. There are already about 100 LNG ships under construction in the world. In Poland, this market is just beginning. In March last year, the first commercial bunkering of seagoing ships with liquefied natural gas LNG took place in the ports of Gdansk and Gdynia.

- For maritime transport, it is difficult to estimate how quickly bunkering points will be built. We know, however, that Polskie LNG is already considering entering into LNG bunkering at sea or refueling ships in the ship-to-ship formula. Let's hope that their plans will come into force by 2022 - says Marcin Płocharski.

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